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To aid with navigation and sensation, cats have dozens of movable whiskers vibrissae over their body, especially their faces.
These provide information on the width of gaps and on the location of objects in the dark, both by touching objects directly and by sensing air currents; they also trigger protective blink reflexes to protect the eyes from damage.
Most breeds of cat have a noted fondness for sitting in high places, or perching. A higher place may serve as a concealed site from which to hunt; domestic cats strike prey by pouncing from a perch such as a tree branch.
Another possible explanation is that height gives the cat a better observation point, allowing it to survey its territory.
A cat falling from heights of up to 3 meters 9. This reflex is known as the cat righting reflex. Outdoor cats are active both day and night, although they tend to be slightly more active at night.
Cats conserve energy by sleeping more than most animals, especially as they grow older. The daily duration of sleep varies, usually between 12 and 16 hours, with 13 and 14 being the average.
Some cats can sleep as much as 20 hours. The term "cat nap" for a short rest refers to the cat's tendency to fall asleep lightly for a brief period.
While asleep, cats experience short periods of rapid eye movement sleep often accompanied by muscle twitches, which suggests they are dreaming.
The social behavior of the domestic cat ranges from widely dispersed individuals to feral cat colonies that gather around a food source, based on groups of co-operating females.
These territories are marked by urine spraying , by rubbing objects at head height with secretions from facial glands, and by defecation.
Outside these neutral areas, territory holders usually chase away stranger cats, at first by staring, hissing, and growling and, if that does not work, by short but noisy and violent attacks.
Despite this colonial organization, cats do not have a social survival strategy or a pack mentality , and always hunt alone.
Life in proximity to humans and other domestic animals has led to a symbiotic social adaptation in cats, and cats may express great affection toward humans or other animals.
Ethologically , the human keeper of a cat functions as a sort of surrogate for the cat's mother. Their high-pitched sounds may mimic the cries of a hungry human infant, making them particularly difficult for humans to ignore.
In particular, older cats show aggressiveness towards newly arrived kittens, which include biting and scratching; this type of behavior is known as feline asocial aggression.
Domestic cats' scent rubbing behavior towards humans or other cats is thought to be a feline means for social bonding.
The tail and ears are particularly important social signal mechanisms in cats. A raised tail indicates a friendly greeting, and flattened ears indicates hostility.
Tail-raising also indicates the cat's position in the group's social hierarchy , with dominant individuals raising their tails less often than subordinate ones.
Purring may have developed as an evolutionary advantage as a signalling mechanism of reassurance between mother cats and nursing kittens.
Post-nursing cats often purr as a sign of contentment: when being petted, becoming relaxed,   or eating. The mechanism by which cats purr is elusive.
The cat has no unique anatomical feature that is clearly responsible for the sound. Cats are known for spending considerable amounts of time licking their coats to keep them clean.
These contain keratin which makes them rigid  so the papillae act like a hairbrush. Some cats, particularly longhaired cats, occasionally regurgitate hairballs of fur that have collected in their stomachs from grooming.
Hairballs can be prevented with remedies that ease elimination of the hair through the gut , as well as regular grooming of the coat with a comb or stiff brush.
Among domestic cats, males are more likely to fight than females. In such cases, most fights are won by the heavier male.
Neutering will decrease or eliminate this behavior in many cases, suggesting that the behavior is linked to sex hormones. When cats become aggressive, they try to make themselves appear larger and more threatening by raising their fur, arching their backs, turning sideways and hissing or spitting.
They may also vocalize loudly and bare their teeth in an effort to further intimidate their opponent. Fights usually consist of grappling and delivering powerful slaps to the face and body with the forepaws as well as bites.
Cats also throw themselves to the ground in a defensive posture to rake their opponent's belly with their powerful hind legs. Serious damage is rare, as the fights are usually short in duration, with the loser running away with little more than a few scratches to the face and ears.
However, fights for mating rights are typically more severe and injuries may include deep puncture wounds and lacerations.
Normally, serious injuries from fighting are limited to infections of scratches and bites, though these can occasionally kill cats if untreated.
In addition, bites are probably the main route of transmission of feline immunodeficiency virus. The shape and structure of cats' cheeks is insufficient to suck.
They lap with the tongue to draw liquid upwards into their mouths. Lapping at a rate of four times a second, the cat touches the smooth tip of its tongue to the surface of the water, and quickly retracts it like a corkscrew, drawing water upwards.
Feral cats and free-fed house cats consume several small meals in a day. The frequency and size of meals varies between individuals.
They select food based on its temperature, smell and texture; they dislike chilled foods and respond most strongly to moist foods rich in amino acids, which are similar to meat.
Cats reject novel flavors a response termed neophobia and learn quickly to avoid foods that have tasted unpleasant in the past.
Most adult cats are lactose intolerant ; the sugar in milk is not easily digested and may cause soft stools or diarrhea.
This condition, pica , can threaten their health, depending on the amount and toxicity of the items eaten. Cats hunt small prey, primarily birds and rodents,  and are often used as a form of pest control.
Perhaps the best-known element of cats' hunting behavior, which is commonly misunderstood and often appalls cat owners because it looks like torture, is that cats often appear to "play" with prey by releasing it after capture.
This cat and mouse behavior is due to an instinctive imperative to ensure that the prey is weak enough to be killed without endangering the cat.
Another poorly understood element of cat hunting behavior is the presentation of prey to human guardians. One explanation is that cats adopt humans into their social group and share excess kill with others in the group according to the dominance hierarchy , in which humans are reacted to as if they are at, or near, the top.
Domestic cats are, however, known to be a contributing factor to the decline of many species, a factor that has ultimately led, in some cases, to extinction.
The South Island piopio , Chatham rail ,  and the New Zealand merganser  are a few from a long list, with the most extreme case being the flightless Lyall's wren , which was driven to extinction only a few years after its discovery.
In Australia, the impact of cats on mammal populations is even greater than the impact of habitat loss.
Domestic cats, especially young kittens, are known for their love of play. This behavior mimics hunting and is important in helping kittens learn to stalk, capture, and kill prey.
This behavior may be a way for cats to practice the skills needed for real combat, and might also reduce any fear they associate with launching attacks on other animals.
Cats also tend to play with toys more when they are hungry. They become habituated to a toy they have played with before.
Female cats called queens are polyestrous with several estrus cycles during a year, lasting usually 21 days. They are usually ready to mate between early February and August.
Several males, called tomcats, are attracted to a female in heat. They fight over her, and the victor wins the right to mate. At first, the female rejects the male, but eventually, the female allows the male to mate.
After mating, the female cleans her vulva thoroughly. If a male attempts to mate with her at this point, the female attacks him.
After about 20 to 30 minutes, once the female is finished grooming, the cycle will repeat. The morula forms hours after conception.
At hours, early blastocysts form. At 10—12 days, implantation occurs. Data on the reproductive capacity of more than 2, free-ranging queens were collected during a study between May and October They had one to six kittens per litter , with an average of three kittens.
They produced a mean of 1. Of kittens, died before they were six months old due to a trauma caused in most cases by dog attacks and road accidents.
Kittens are weaned between six and seven weeks of age. Queens normally reach sexual maturity at 5—10 months, and males at 5—7 months.
This varies depending on breed. Cats are ready to go to new homes at about 12 weeks of age, when they are ready to leave their mother.
Traditionally, this surgery was performed at around six to nine months of age, but it is increasingly being performed before puberty , at about three to six months.
The average lifespan of pet cats has risen in recent decades. In the early s, it was about seven years,  : 33  rising to 9.
Despite widespread concern about the welfare of free-roaming cats, the lifespans of neutered feral cats in managed colonies compare favorably with those of pet cats.
About two hundred fifty heritable genetic disorders have been identified in cats, many similar to human inborn errors of metabolism.
Vaccinations are available for many infectious diseases, as are treatments to eliminate parasites such as worms and fleas. The domestic cat is a cosmopolitan species and occurs across much of the world.
This hybridization poses a danger to the genetic distinctiveness of some wildcat populations, particularly in Scotland and Hungary and possibly also the Iberian Peninsula.
Feral cats are domestic cats that were born in or have reverted to a wild state. They are unfamiliar with and wary of humans and roam freely in urban and rural areas.
Public attitudes towards feral cats vary widely, ranging from seeing them as free-ranging pets, to regarding them as vermin. Volunteers continue to feed and give care to these cats throughout their lives.
Given this support, their lifespans are increased, and behavior and nuisance problems caused by competition for food are reduced.
Some feral cats can be successfully socialised and 're-tamed' for adoption; young cats, especially kittens  and cats that have had prior experience and contact with humans are the most receptive to these efforts.
As well as being kept as pets, cats are also used in the international fur  and leather industries for making coats, hats, blankets, and stuffed toys;  and shoes, gloves, and musical instruments respectively  about 24 cats are needed to make a cat-fur coat.
A few attempts to build a cat census have been made over the years, both through associations or national and international organizations such as the Canadian Federation of Humane Societies 's one  and over the Internet,   but such a task does not seem simple to achieve.
He is reported to have photographed 90, cats during his career and maintained an archive of , images that he drew from for publications during his lifetime.
A cat show is a judged event in which the owners of cats compete to win titles in various cat-registering organizations by entering their cats to be judged after a breed standard.
Competing cats are compared to the applicable breed standard,  and assessed for temperament and apparent health; the owners of those judged to be most ideal awarded a prize.
Moggies are judged based on their temperament and healthy appearance. Some events also include activity judging, such as trained navigation of obstacle course.
Often, at the end of the year, all of the points accrued at various shows are added up and more national and regional titles are awarded to champion cats.
Cats can be infected or infested with viruses , bacteria , fungus , protozoans , arthropods or worms that can transmit diseases to humans.
The likelihood that a person will become diseased depends on the age and immune status of the person. Humans who have cats living in their home or in close association are more likely to become infected, however, those who do not keep cats as pets might also acquire infections from cat feces and parasites exiting the cat's body.
In ancient Egypt , cats were worshipped , and the goddess Bastet often depicted in cat form, sometimes taking on the war-like aspect of a lioness.
The Greek historian Herodotus reported that killing a cat was forbidden, and when a household cat died, the entire family mourned and shaved their eyebrows.
Families took their dead cats to the sacred city of Bubastis , where they were embalmed and buried in sacred repositories.
Herodotus expressed astonishment at the domestic cats in Egypt, because he had only ever seen wildcats. The earliest unmistakable evidence of the Greeks having domestic cats comes from two coins from Magna Graecia dating to the mid-fifth century BC showing Iokastos and Phalanthos, the legendary founders of Rhegion and Taras respectively, playing with their pet cats.
The usual ancient Greek word for 'cat' was ailouros , meaning 'thing with the waving tail'. Cats are rarely mentioned in ancient Greek literature.
Aristotle remarked in his History of Animals that "female cats are naturally lecherous. In Ovid 's Metamorphoses , when the deities flee to Egypt and take animal forms, the goddess Diana turns into a cat.
Cats are often shown in icons of Annunciation and of the Holy Family and, according to Italian folklore , on the same night that Mary gave birth to Jesus , a cat in Bethlehem gave birth to a kitten.
Several ancient religions believed cats are exalted souls, companions or guides for humans, that are all-knowing but mute so they cannot influence decisions made by humans.
In Japan, the maneki neko cat is a symbol of good fortune. The cat was once partnering with the first dog before the latter broke an oath they had made which resulted in enmity between the descendants of these two animals.
It is also written that neither cats nor foxes are represented in the water, while every other animal has an incarnation species in the water.
Some Western writers have stated Muhammad had a favorite cat, Muezza. Many cultures have negative superstitions about cats.
An example would be the belief that a black cat "crossing one's path" leads to bad luck, or that cats are witches' familiars used to augment a witch's powers and skills.
The killing of cats in Medieval Ypres , Belgium , is commemorated in the innocuous present-day Kattenstoet cat parade.
According to Norman Davies , the assembled people "shrieked with laughter as the animals, howling with pain, were singed, roasted, and finally carbonized ".
James Frazer wrote that "It was the custom to burn a basket, barrel, or sack full of live cats, which was hung from a tall mast in the midst of the bonfire; sometimes a fox was burned.
The people collected the embers and ashes of the fire and took them home, believing that they brought good luck. The French kings often witnessed these spectacles and even lit the bonfire with their own hands.
In Louis XIV , crowned with a wreath of roses and carrying a bunch of roses in his hand, kindled the fire, danced at it and partook of the banquet afterwards in the town hall.
But this was the last occasion when a monarch presided at the midsummer bonfire in Paris. At Metz midsummer fires were lighted with great pomp on the esplanade, and a dozen cats, enclosed in wicker cages, were burned alive in them, to the amusement of the people.
Similarly at Gap , in the department of the Hautes-Alpes , cats used to be roasted over the midsummer bonfire.
According to a myth in many cultures, cats have multiple lives. In many countries, they are believed to have nine lives, but in Italy, Germany, Greece, Brazil and some Spanish-speaking regions, they are said to have seven lives,   while in Turkish and Arabic traditions, the number of lives is six.
Nonetheless, cats can still be injured or killed by a high fall. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the species that is commonly kept as a pet.
For the cat family, see Felidae. For other uses, see Cat disambiguation and Cats disambiguation. Domesticated felid species.
For technical reasons , "Cat 1" redirects here. For the album, see Cat 1 album. Conservation status. Linnaeus , . Main article: Cat evolution. See also: Evolution of the domesticated cat.
Main article: Cat anatomy. Main article: Cat senses. Play media. See also: Cat intelligence. Main article: Cat communication.
See also: Cat nutrition. Main article: Cat predation on wildlife. Main article: Cat play and toys. See also: Kitten. Main articles: Cat health and Aging in cats.
Main article: Feline diseases. Main article: Feral cat. Main article: Human interaction with cats. Main article: Cat show. Main article: Feline zoonosis.
The ancient Egyptians mummified dead cats out of respect in the same way that they mummified people. Ancient Roman mosaic of a cat killing a partridge from the House of the Faun in Pompeii.
Main articles: Cultural depictions of cats and Cats in ancient Egypt. Cats portal Mammals portal. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis in Latin.
Holmiae: Laurentii Salvii. In Wilson, D. M eds. Johns Hopkins University Press. Systema regni animalis per classes, ordines, genera, species, varietates cvm synonymia et historia animalivm.
Classis I. Lipsiae: Weygandt. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. In Turner, D. The domestic cat: the biology of its behaviour Second ed.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Scientific American. Bibcode : SciAm. The American Journal of Psychology. Veterinary Science Communications. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.
The Welfare of Cats. Bibcode : Sci The Cat in ancient Egypt, illustrated from the collection of cat and other Egyptian figures formed.
Cambridge University Press. The Cat in Ancient Egypt Revised ed. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
American Pet Products Association. Archived from the original on 25 February Retrieved 25 February Archived from the original on 6 March Retrieved 3 March London: Pet Food Manufacturers Association.
English Words and Their Background. New York, London: D. Appleton and Company. Paris: Errance. Die antike Tierwelt.
Leipzig: Walther von Wartburg. In Gruendler, B. Leiden, Boston: Brill. Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill Publishers.
The Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 3 September Retrieved 1 October New York: Gramercy Random House.
Archived from the original on 18 September Oxford Dictionaries Online. Archived from the original on 12 October Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.
II : — Tbilisi: National Museum of Georgia. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature. International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature.
Journal of Archaeological Science. Archived PDF from the original on 4 March Retrieved 19 January Bibcode : PNAS..
Cat News. Special Issue Journal of Molecular Evolution. Bibcode : JMolE.. A departure from their trademark seventies sound, most of Hot Space is a mixture of rhythm and blues, funk, dance and disco, while the rock songs continued in a pop rock direction similar to their previous album an exception is the song "Put Out the Fire".
Recalling the recording process in , Taylor openly criticized the direction in which Prenter was taking Mercury and thus the rest of the band , stating that "[Prenter] wanted our music to sound like you'd just walked in a gay bar May also noted that the making of the album in Munich took much longer than usual and that all of the band got into "deep emotional trouble" in the city, blaming a mixture of drink, drugs and partying as the reason for the relatively lengthy recording sessions.
This arrangement contained no actual bass guitar, as John Deacon played guitar in addition to May. In Japan, the band released "Staying Power" as a single in July The song was also issued as a single in the US in November but failed to chart in either country.
The original demo of the track featured a guitar instead of horns. The song itself — a fusion of rock and disco — is something of a follow-up to " Dragon Attack " from the band's album The Game in that it fuses heavy elements of music with danceable ones, as Led Zeppelin did.
The lyrics of "Dancer" are also notable for being the only ones on the album that make reference to the album title itself.
In addition to normal bass duties, Deacon also plays rhythm guitar  and synthesiser on the song. As a single, it stalled at number 40 on the UK charts.
Mercury, who composed the song on synth bass, had previously explored the instrument's potential with his contributions to the Flash Gordon soundtrack.
The song also appeared in the documentary film Stripper , being performed to by one of the dancers. Whilst the video was restricted to late-night showings on MTV, it nonetheless helped the song become the album's biggest hit in America, reaching number 11 on the Billboard Hot in June The band performed "Action This Day" live on the Hot Space Tour with a more conventional arrangement, replacing the drum machine and bass synth with a rock rhythm section and an actual synthesizer replacing the saxophone solo.
The verses are duets between Taylor and Mercury, while the chorus is sung by both. May recorded its guitar solo under the influence of alcohol after many unsuccessful attempts.
Though never released as a single, "Put Out the Fire", the album's most traditional Queen song, later appeared on the Queen Rocks compilation in A new video was also produced for the accompanying video compilation, featuring a live performance of the song intercut with footage of fire and explosions.
Mercury wrote "Life Is Real" as a tribute to John Lennon , whose murder in had also previously prompted the band to perform his song " Imagine " on tour.
It is also one of the few Mercury songs whose lyrics were written before the music. The first Queen song written by Taylor to be released as a single albeit in selected countries, including the US and Australia, but not the UK , "Calling All Girls" failed to create much of an impact on the charts where it peaked at number 60 in the US and number 33 in Canada, despite its music video based on the George Lucas film THX Taylor composed "Calling All Girls" on guitar and played the feedback noises during the song's break.
The single was released in July May's lyrics for "Las Palabras de Amor" were inspired by Queen's close relationship with their Latin-American fans, and have been interpreted as an allegory for the Falklands War.
For this mimed performance, May is seen playing a grand piano, although he only played synthesisers on the recording. May also sang lead vocals for the harmonised line "this night and evermore".
According to Mercury in a TV interview, Bowie was unhappy with the results and requested that his vocals be removed days before its parent album was slated to be released.
With the exception of the electric piano which was played by Mercury , all the instruments are played by Deacon, including drums, guitars, and synths.
Deacon can be heard using the slap bass technique throughout the track. A famous duet with Bowie, "Under Pressure" was the result of an impromptu jam session in the band's studio in Montreux.
John Deacon came up with the bass riff. Due to its dance-pop sound, Hot Space is widely considered by both fans and critics to be one of Queen's most artistically disappointing albums.
Or at least it had been. By the time of 's Hot Space , disco had mutated into the weird, skeletal, dubby electronic sound pioneered by DJ Larry Levan, which really didn't suit Queen at all.
Sandy Robertson of Sounds gave the album four stars, describing it as "fairly lickable funkpop" featuring "'Put Out The Fire' Michael Jackson , who was close friends with the band during the time, later cited Hot Space as an influence for his own album Thriller.
It taught me that even if you're in a band as a guitar player, music doesn't have to be driven by guitar - it's about the song, first.
But I think the main thing is that Queen actually did an album like that - it was the fans' least favorite, but it was one of my favorites because it took a risk and branched out.
All those synth parts they did and horns, I could always hear them with guitar in my head somehow. But quite oddly enough, or coincidentally enough, the title Hot Space is exactly what it meant: it's all the space between the music.
That's what makes it funky and that's what makes it have a pocket. We operate solely based on donations from loyal cat lovers and the hard work of incredible volunteers.
We are a feline-friendly rescue! We help find homes for friendly kitties who can no longer be cared for or are over the life on the street.
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Fill out the Adoption App. Set up a time to visit the Cat Lounge. Bring a carrier with you in case you find love and want to take a cat home.BeforeQueen had never used synthesisers on their albums. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill Publishers. Mercury and Roger Taylor. Journal of Archaeological Science. Trends in Genetics. Hairballs can be prevented with remedies that ease elimination of the hair through the gutas well as regular grooming of the coat with a comb or stiff brush. Archived from the original PDF on 19 March Journal of Small Animal Practice. But I think Le Paris Las Vegas main thing is that Queen Khl Online did an album like that - it was the fans' least favorite, JГ©rГ©my Chardy it was one of my favorites because it took a risk and branched out. The Domestic Cat: Ronaldo Steuerskandal biology of its behaviour 2nd ed. Archived from the original on 2 October In such cases, most fights are won by the heavier male. Female cats called queens are polyestrous with several estrus cycles during a year, lasting usually 21 days. We operate solely based on donations from loyal cat lovers and the hard work of incredible volunteers. As agricultural Sudoku Kostenfrei spread, so did tame Cat Queen domesticated cats. The latest Tweets from Cat Queen 🏳️ (@Tag_traum). laute wilde Prinzessin/ denkt immer zweideutig/ spielt gern mit Bananen nieder mit der @AFD / hat. Schau dir unsere Auswahl an queen cat an, um die tollsten einzigartigen oder spezialgefertigten handgemachten Stücke aus unseren Shops für digital zu. Schau dir unsere Auswahl an cat queen an, um die tollsten einzigartigen oder spezialgefertigten handgemachten Stücke aus unseren Shops für t-shirts zu. The Queen Cat | | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Hot Space is the tenth studio album by the British rock band karavokiris.com was released on by EMI Records in the UK and by Elektra Records in the US. Marking a notable shift in direction from their earlier work, they employed many elements of disco, funk, rhythm and blues, dance and pop music on the album. This made the album less popular with fans who preferred the traditional rock Genre: Rock, disco, dance, funk, rhythm and blues, pop. QUEEN “We just went for it - the clothes, the glamour and the whole image." Register here. News. 4th December London Stereo Share and Win Competition. Read more. News. 4th December One Beautiful Christmas - Kerry Ellis feat. Brian May - UK Radio Play. Read more. News.